Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the alignment of your teeth, jaw and bite. Orthodontic treatments include traditional braces, clear aligners, headgear, expanders and corrective jaw surgery.
Orthodontic treatments prevent unnecessary wear on teeth and gums by treating an improper bite, straightening teeth, closing wide gaps between teeth. They can also enhance your smile and improve speech.
Ideally, your teeth should fit in your mouth without any crowding or spacing. They should not be rotated or twisted. Malocclusion (the imperfect positioning of teeth when the jaw is closed) affects the shape of your face, speech, chewing abilities and can increase your chances of tooth decay and gum disease in the future if not properly addressed.
Malocclusion is usually an inherited condition, being passed down in the family from one parent/side of the family, or the other. Some conditions or habits that can cause malocclusion are: